Software

Installing and Setting Up Pfsense

49 views October 7, 2016 October 7, 2016 admin 0

  1. Download Pfsense

In our installation we will be using a USB as our boot media, so please set the following options.

  • File Type: Install
  • Architecture: Depends on your CPU (Our machine is running a 32 bit processor)
  • Platform: USB Memstick Installer (Needed if you plan to create a bootable USB)
  • Console: VGA (Unless you would rather use a serial port to use an ssh client)
  • Mirror: New York City (Pick the Mirror closest to you)

  1. Open The Compressed Image File with winrar, 7zip or whatever extraction tool you use. I will be using 7zip, because its free and works.

  • Extract the pfSense-CE-memstick-2.3.1-RELEASE-i386.img file
  1. Grab a USB of 2 GB or more of storage. However, please note that the USB chosen will be cleared of all data in it, so please backup any sensitive information within it.
  2. Download Rufus to restore Pfsense image onto the USB chosen above.
  • https://rufus.akeo.ie/
  • Open Rufus and Select your Device (USB you chose before)
  • Under Format Options, have the following setting Checked:
  1. Check Device for Bad Blocks ( 1 Pass )
  2. Quick Format
  3. Create a Bootable Disk Using (DD Image) (Click the Disk Image Here to Select the File we Extracted before “pfSense-CE-memstick-2.3.1-RELEASE-i386.img file”
  4. Create Extended Label and Icon Files

5. Installing Pfsense on your desired Machine.

  • Boot using USB to get to Pfsense Welcome Page and Press { 1 } on your Keyboard

C:\Users\Luis Arango\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\INetCache\Content.Word\IMG_2912.jpg

  • Press { I } to beginning installer

C:\Users\Luis Arango\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\INetCache\Content.Word\IMG_2914.jpg

  • Select { Accept these settings }

C:\Users\Luis Arango\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\INetCache\Content.Word\IMG_2915.jpg

  • Select { Quick/Easy Install }

C:\Users\Luis Arango\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\INetCache\Content.Word\IMG_2916.jpg

  • Select { OK }

C:\Users\Luis Arango\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\INetCache\Content.Word\IMG_2917.jpg

  • Select { Standard Kernel }

C:\Users\Luis Arango\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\INetCache\Content.Word\IMG_2918.jpg

  • Select { Reboot }

C:\Users\Luis Arango\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\INetCache\Content.Word\IMG_2919.jpg

C:\Users\Luis Arango\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\INetCache\Content.Word\IMG_2920.jpg

C:\Users\Luis Arango\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\INetCache\Content.Word\IMG_2921.jpg

  • Enter n, because we are not setting up VLANS

C:\Users\Luis Arango\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\INetCache\Content.Word\IMG_2923.jpg

  • In our case we used em0 as our wan interface, but you are able to set your wan to which ever interface you are most comfortable with, and this can be changed later.

C:\Users\Luis Arango\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\INetCache\Content.Word\IMG_2924.jpg

  • Here we set the bge0 interface as the LAN interface, but like previously mentioned it can be changed.

C:\Users\Luis Arango\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\INetCache\Content.Word\IMG_2925.jpg

  • Proceed by Selecting y and clicking enter

C:\Users\Luis Arango\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\INetCache\Content.Word\IMG_2926.jpg

  • Now you should see your LAN interface display the default IP address for management 192.168.1.1, and your wan port by default will try to pull a dhcp ip like in our setup.

C:\Users\Luis Arango\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\INetCache\Content.Word\IMG_2928.jpg

  • Plug an Ethernet cable onto your LAN port from your Pfsense machine and to your workstation. Once connected, make sure your machine is using the same subnet 192.168.1.x , and connect to the Pfsense webconfiguration page 192.168.1.1.
  • The default username is admin
  • The default password is pfsense

  • Use the Setup Wizard to configure your interfaces further to your liking and you should be golden.

  • Configure your Hostname, Domain, and DNS server settings.

  • Here you can configure your timezone and we chose America/New_York, since we are at the east coast.

  • In this page you are able to configure your wan interface’s IP configuration. In our case we have a static IP provided by our ISP, so we will configure our wan to use a static IP.

  • We have decided to leave RFC1918 Networks Blocked, because our WAN port will not connect to any private networks. And We left Block Bogon Networks checked.

  • Next We set our LAN IP Address to match 10.1.10.1. WARNING!!!! If you change your LAN IP Address from 192.168.1.1 to anything else, you will have to connect to the web configuration with the new LAN IP, instead of 192.168.1.1. In our case we are going to continue connecting to our Pfsense with 10.1.1.10 for future maintenance.

  • On this Page you can change the Admin Password to Login into the web configuration tool

  • After reloading you should now Pfsense configured for basic operation

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